Professor Tilman Brück is Team Leader, Development Economics, IGZ in Großbeeren near Berlin and the Founder and Director of ISDC – International Security and Development Center in Berlin. He is also Research Affiliate of the Institute for Social Sciences at the University of Lisbon and Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Professor Brück is the co-founder and co-director of the “Households in Conflict Network (HiCN)”.

His research interests focus on the economics of household behavior and well-being in conflict-affected and fragile economies, including the measurement of violence and conflict in household surveys and the impact evaluation of programs in conflict-affected areas. He has published over thirty articles in peer-reviewed journals (including Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Journal of Comparative Economics, European Journal of Political Economy, and World Development) and edited over a dozen books and special issues of journals on the economics of conflict and insecurity. Professor Brück has led as a principal investigator several impact evaluations in conflict-affected and fragile states.

Professor Brück was previously Director of SIPRI, Professor of Development Economics at Humboldt-University of Berlin, and Head of the Department of Development and Security at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin). He has also worked as a consultant for the BMZ, European Commission, DFID, GIZ, ILO, KfW, OECD, UNDP, USAID and the World Bank. Tilman Brück studied economics at Glasgow University and Oxford University and obtained his doctorate in economics from Oxford University.

Research Interests

Development economics, including the empirical analysis of poverty and employment. Economics of security, conflict, reconstruction and terrorism. Measurement of conflict in household surveys. Impact evaluations in conflict-affected areas.

HiCN Working Papers Series


The Double Burden of Female Protracted Displacement: Survey Evidence on Gendered Livelihoods in El Fasher, Darfur

Wolfgang Stojetz  Tilman Brück 

During protracted displacement, women and girls often face serious gender-specific challenges and vulnerabilities, including adverse norms and institutional barriers. Yet, quantitative evidence on gendered drivers […]


Can Jobs Programs Build Peace?

Tilman Brück  Neil Ferguson  Wolfgang Stojetz  Valeria Izzi

In the last decade, well over $10bn has been spent on interventions that aim to build peace and social stability through employment. Despite this degree […]


The Microeconomics of Violent Conflict

Philip Verwimp  Patricia Justino  Tilman Brück 

In our brief review, we take stock of the emergence, in the last decade, of the “microeconomics of violent conflict” as a new subfield of […]


Determinants and Dynamics of Forced Migration to Europe: Evidence from a 3-D Model of Flows and Stocks

Tilman Brück  Neil Ferguson  Eleonora Nillesen  Kai M. Dunker Aline Meysonnat

Abstract: Violent conflict is a well-recogniseddriver of forced migration but literature does not usually consider the pull factors that might also cause irregular movements. In […]


Assets for Alimentation? The Nutritional Impact of Assets-Based Programming in Niger

Tilman Brück  Neil Ferguson  Oscar Mauricio Díaz Botía J. Ouédraogoc Z. Ziegelhöfer

A recent strand of aid programming aims to develop household assets by removing the stresses associated with meeting basic nutritional needs. In this paper, we […]


The effects of violent conflict on household resilience and food security: Evidence from the 2014 Gaza conflict

Tilman Brück  Marco d’Errico Rebecca Pietrelli

This paper studies how conflict affects household resilience capacity and food security, drawing on panel data collected from households in Palestine before and after the […]


Micro-Foundations of Fragility: Concepts, Measurement and Application

Ghassan Baliki  Tilman Brück  Neil Ferguson  Sindu W. Kebede

We explore the micro-foundations of fragility by discussing how to measure the exposure to fragility at the individual level. We focus on two notions that […]


The Global Economic Burden of Violent Conflict

Carlos Bozzoli  Tilman Brück  Olaf J. de Groot

Calculating the impact of different societal challenges, such as climate change, HIV/AIDS or cancer, uncovers the scale, distribution and structure of their economic burdens. Since […]


Can Rigorous Impact Evaluations Improve Humanitarian Assistance?

Yashodhan Ghorpade  Tilman Brück  Jyotsna Puri Anastasia Aladysheva Vegard Iversen

Abstract: Despite the widespread occurrence of humanitarian emergencies such as epidemics, earthquakes, droughts, floods and violent conflict and despite the significant financial resources devoted to […]


The Perception of Lethal Risks – Evidence from a Laboratory Experiment

Tilman Brück  Manuel Schubert

We run a novel experiment to explore the relationship between the perception of real-life risks and the demand for risk reduction. Subjects play a series […]


Learning the hard way: The effect of violent conflict on student academic achievement

Tilman Brück  Michele Di Maio  Sami Miaari 

We study the effect of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the probability to pass the final high-school exam for Palestinian students in the West Bank during […]


Money Can’t Buy Love but Can it Buy Peace? Evidence from the EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation

Tilman Brück  Neil Ferguson 

In 1998, the Good Friday Agreement concluded a period of violence in Northern Ireland yet the scars of the conflict remained prevalent in the political […]


Measuring Conflict Exposure in Micro-Level Surveys

Tilman Brück  Patricia Justino  Philip Verwimp  Andrew Tedesco Alexandra Avdeenko

Violent conflict is a key obstacle to overall economic development and specifically to human development. Conflicts vary greatly in their nature – hence the impacts of conflicts […]


Evaluating programmes in conflict-affected areas

Carlos Bozzoli  Tilman Brück  Nina Wald 

We provide an overview over the concepts, pitfalls and challenges involved in conducting scientifically sound impact evaluations and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in conflict-affected and […]


Micro-level dynamics of conflict, violence and development: A new analytical framework

Patricia Justino  Tilman Brück  Philip Verwimp 

Violent conflict is arguably one of the most important challenges facing the world today. The incidence of international and civil wars has decreased in recent […]


The Effects of Conflict on Fertility in Rwanda

Kati Schindler  Tilman Brück 

The aim of this paper is to study the short and long-term fertility effects of mass violent conflict on different population sub-groups. The authors pool […]


Activity Choices of Internally Displaced Persons and Returnees: Quantitative Survey Evidence from Post-War Northern Uganda

Carlos Bozzoli  Tilman Brück  Tony Muhumuza 

We study the effect of living in an internally displaced people’s (IDP) camp oneconomic activity choices in post war northern Uganda. As the decision to […]


Conflict Experiences and Expectations on Recovery: Survey Evidence from Northern Uganda

Carlos Bozzoli  Tilman Brück  Tony Muhumuza 

We analyse the role of mass violent conflict in influencing individual expectations. We hypothesise that individuals are likely to report negative expectations if they were […]


Perceptions, Expectations, and Entrepreneurship: The Role of Extreme Events

Tilman Brück  Fernanda Llussá José Tavares

We provide, for the first time, comparative evidence of the impact of various types of extreme events – natural disasters, terrorism, and violent conflicts – […]


Self-Employment and Conflict in Colombia

Carlos Bozzoli  Tilman Brück  Nina Wald 

Many Colombians are confronted with the ongoing conflict which influences their decision making in everyday life, including their behaviour on labour markets. This study focuses […]


Identifying Conflict and Violence in Micro-Level Surveys

Tilman Brück  Patricia Justino  Philip Verwimp  Alexandra Avdeenko

The overall goal of the report is to increase the capacity of researchers and policy makers to identify comparatively, and across time, how individuals, households […]


Violent Conflict and Inequality

Tilman Brück  Cagatay Bircan Marc Vothknecht

This paper analyzes the distributive impacts of violent conflicts, which is in contrast to previous literature that has focused on the other direction. We use […]


An Economic Analysis of Security Policies

Tilman Brück 

This paper analyses public policy choices in the security economy from an economic perspective. It discusses the role of public goods for national and global […]


The Welfare Effects of Farm Household Activity Choices in Post-War Mozambique

Tilman Brück 

This paper analyses the effects of activity choices on farm household income and consumption in a war-affected developing country. The study uses household survey data […]


The Economic Consequences of Terror: A Brief Survey

Tilman Brück  Bengt-Arne Wickström

This brief survey reviews the economic consequences of terrorism. It is argued that the indirect effects of terrorism are likely to outweigh the direct effects. […]


Coping Strategies in Post-War Rural Mozambique

Tilman Brück 

This paper analyses post-war coping strategies by farm households in developing countries. The analysis is based on a portfolio model of activity choices in war-affected […]


Investment in Land, Tenure Security and Area Farmed in Northern Mozambique

Tilman Brück 

Abstract: The analysis of land investment and tenure security usually assumes land scarcity. However, some developing countries have communities with land abundance. This article therefore examines […]