Working Papers

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370

Mobile phone access and insurgent violence: Evidence from a radio wave propagation model in Afghanistan

Robert Gonzalez 

This paper examines the impact of mobile phone coverage on insurgent violence. In theory, access to coverage can lower violence by increasing the flow of […]

369

Terrorism and child mortality: Evidence from Africa

Max Schaub  Daniel Meierrieks

How does terrorism affect child mortality? We use geo-coded data on terrorism and highly spatially disaggregated data on child mortality to study the relationship between […]

368

Fighting Covid-19 amidst Civil Conflict: Micro-level evidence from Burkina Faso

Philip Verwimp  Mohammad H. Sepahvand

How does violent conflict affect the spread of Covid-19? In this paper we analyze how violent conflict influences the adoption of preventative measures and infection […]

367

Medication Against Conflict

Dominic Rohner  Andrea Berlanda, Matteo Cervallati, Elena Esposito, Dominic Rohner, Uwe Sunde

The consequences of successful public health interventions for social violence and conflict are largely unknown. This paper closes this gap by evaluating the effect of […]

366

Integrated Militias Can Increase the Risk of Civil War Renewal

Ore Koren  Bumba Mukherjee

Research on civil war identified multiple reason for why some transitions to peace are more robust than others. However, scholars largely ignored a key determinant […]

365

Individual exposure to armed conflict and entrepreneurship

Arzu Kibris  Phillip Nelson

We study the individual level impacts of exposure to armed conflict on entrepreneurial activity.  We introduce new data from a large-N field survey we conducted […]

364

Victims of electoral violence and their children experience irreversible stunting: The long-term welfare effects of electoral violence

Roxana Gutiérrez-Romero 

Despite the extensive literature on civil conflict, little is known about the medium- and long-term effects of electoral violence on young children and adolescents. This […]

363

Armed conflict exposure and trust: Evidence from a natural experiment in Turkey

Arzu Kibris  Lena Gerling 

We study the individual-level effects of exposure to internal armed conflict on social capital, focusing on trust in institutions and in social relations. We introduce […]

362

Information, Anxiety, and Persuasion: Analyzing Return Intentions of Displaced Persons

Jonathan Hall  James Igoe Walsh  Onah Peter Thompson

Anxiety influences how people attend to, interpret, and respond to information and  potential threats. How does anxiety influence attempts to persuade? We hypothesize that the  […]

361

How Do Gender Norms Shape Education and Domestic Work Outcomes? The Case of Syrian Refugee Adolescents in Jordan

Caroline Krafft  Ragui Assaad, Isabel Pastoor

Forced displacement has disrupted Syrian refugees’ lives and exposed them to new communities and norms. This paper assesses how gender norms shape the lives of […]

360

Landmines: The Local Effects of Demining

Mounu Prem  Juan F. Vargas  Miguel E. Purroy

Anti-personnel landmines are one of the main causes of civilian victimization in conflict- affected areas and a significant obstacle for post-war reconstruction. Demining campaigns are […]

359

A ‘bright’ side of war? Armed conflict and female teen marriage in Azerbaijan

Orsola Torrisi 

Does exposure to armed conflict influence female teen marriage? Despite increasing attention to early marriage, its drivers and consequences, quantitative research on whether teen unions […]

358

The long echo of war. Early-life exposure to armed conflict and female experiences of intimate partner violence

Orsola Torrisi 

While there are reasons to expect a link between armed conflict and victimisation in intimate relationships, empirical evidence on the association is scant and rarely […]

357

Adolescents’ Transition to Adulthood and Their Assimilation from Violent to Peaceful Contexts

Lina María Sánchez-Céspedes 

We study the assimilation to peaceful contexts among adolescents who were exposed to violence (armed conflict) regarding three transitions: marriage/cohabitation, household management and childbearing. The […]

356

The Double Burden of Female Protracted Displacement: Survey Evidence on Gendered Livelihoods in El Fasher, Darfur

Wolfgang Stojetz  Tilman Brück 

During protracted displacement, women and girls often face serious gender-specific challenges and vulnerabilities, including adverse norms and institutional barriers. Yet, quantitative evidence on gendered drivers […]

355

Angry men and Civic women? Gendered effects of conflict on political participation

Elodie Douarin  Julie Litchfield, Fatlinda Gashi

We study the effect of the 1998-99 Kosovo war on current levels of political participation, disaggregating our analysis by the type of conflict experience, namely […]

354

Power-sharing versus Power-grabbing in the Aftermath of Civil War: Evidence from Public Opinion in Mosul, Iraq

Jonathan Hall  Sam Whitt, Jacob Aronson, Vera Mironova, Paul Huth, James Igoe Walsh

Power-sharing is a widely recognized strategy for reaching durable settlements to civil wars with center-periphery and identity-based cleavages. However, in practice, power-sharing arrangements are often […]

353

Unpacking the Links between Conflict and Child Welfare: Evidence from a Foreign Insurgency

Violent conflicts have enduring effects on child welfare, but little is understood about the mechanisms underlying these effects. Using data from Cameroon collected from a […]

352

Foreign Interventions and Community Cohesion in Times of Conflict

Sarah Langlotz 

This paper analyzes how foreign military interventions affect community cohesion in times of conflict. In an environment where formal institutions are unstable or lacking, the […]

351

Civil conflict, cash transfers, and child nutrition in Yemen

Jean-Francois Maystadt  Olivier Ecker

The most dramatic outcomes of protracted civil conflict include increased malnutrition among children and the resulting consequences for lifelong health and prosperity. Little is known […]