Working Papers


Landmines: The Local Effects of Demining

Mounu Prem  Juan F. Vargas  Miguel E. Purroy

Anti-personnel landmines are one of the main causes of civilian victimization in conflict- affected areas and a significant obstacle for post-war reconstruction. Demining campaigns are […]


A ‘bright’ side of war? Armed conflict and female teen marriage in Azerbaijan

Orsola Torrisi 

Does exposure to armed conflict influence female teen marriage? Despite increasing attention to early marriage, its drivers and consequences, quantitative research on whether teen unions […]


The long echo of war. Early-life exposure to armed conflict and female experiences of intimate partner violence

Orsola Torrisi 

While there are reasons to expect a link between armed conflict and victimisation in intimate relationships, empirical evidence on the association is scant and rarely […]


Adolescents’ Transition to Adulthood and Their Assimilation from Violent to Peaceful Contexts

Lina María Sánchez-Céspedes 

We study the assimilation to peaceful contexts among adolescents who were exposed to violence (armed conflict) regarding three transitions: marriage/cohabitation, household management and childbearing. The […]


The Double Burden of Female Protracted Displacement: Survey Evidence on Gendered Livelihoods in El Fasher, Darfur

Wolfgang Stojetz  Tilman Brück 

During protracted displacement, women and girls often face serious gender-specific challenges and vulnerabilities, including adverse norms and institutional barriers. Yet, quantitative evidence on gendered drivers […]


Angry men and Civic women? Gendered effects of conflict on political participation

Elodie Douarin  Julie Litchfield, Fatlinda Gashi

We study the effect of the 1998-99 Kosovo war on current levels of political participation, disaggregating our analysis by the type of conflict experience, namely […]


Power-sharing versus Power-grabbing in the Aftermath of Civil War: Evidence from Public Opinion in Mosul, Iraq

Jonathan Hall  Sam Whitt, Jacob Aronson, Vera Mironova, Paul Huth, James Igoe Walsh

Power-sharing is a widely recognized strategy for reaching durable settlements to civil wars with center-periphery and identity-based cleavages. However, in practice, power-sharing arrangements are often […]


Unpacking the Links between Conflict and Child Welfare: Evidence from a Foreign Insurgency

Violent conflicts have enduring effects on child welfare, but little is understood about the mechanisms underlying these effects. Using data from Cameroon collected from a […]


Foreign Interventions and Community Cohesion in Times of Conflict

Sarah Langlotz 

This paper analyzes how foreign military interventions affect community cohesion in times of conflict. In an environment where formal institutions are unstable or lacking, the […]


Civil conflict, cash transfers, and child nutrition in Yemen

Jean-Francois Maystadt  Olivier Ecker

The most dramatic outcomes of protracted civil conflict include increased malnutrition among children and the resulting consequences for lifelong health and prosperity. Little is known […]


Economic Conditions and the Rise of Anti-Democratic Extremism

Benjamin Crost 

This paper provides evidence that adverse economic conditions contributed to the rise of anti-democratic extremism in the United States. A state-level analysis shows that increases […]


Covid-19, State Capacity, and Political Violence by Nonstate Actors

Ore Koren  Brittney Koehnlein

The COVID-19 pandemic has constrained the ability of states across the world to govern and control their territories. As the state reduces its activities, space […]


Public healthcare financing during counterinsurgency efforts: Evidence from Colombia

Samuel Lordemus  Noemi Kreif and Rodrigo Moreno-Serra

How do government counterinsurgency efforts affect local public financing during civil conflicts? We investigate this question in the context of the protracted conflict in Colombia. […]


The Long Shadow of the Kargil War: The Effect of Early-life Stress on Education

Tushar Bharati 

The paper examines the long-term impact of the India-Pakistan war of 1999 on the educational attainment and employment of children born to families of soldiers who survived the war.


Mass shootings and Infant Health in the United States

Tushar Bharati  Rakesh Banerjee

We study the causal effect of mass shooting incidents during pregnancy on infant health outcomes. Our identification strategy exploits the spatial and temporal variation of […]


Does Violent Conflict Affect Labor Supply of Farm Households? The Nigerian Experience

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere  John Chiwuzulum Odozi

Nigeria has experienced bouts of violent conflict in different regions over the last few decades leading to significant loss of life. In this paper, we […]


Perceived Temperature, Trust and Civil Unrest in Africa

This paper documents a significant effect of short-term temperature fluctuations on attitudes towards institutions and on civil unrest in Africa. Combining attitudinal survey and climate […]


Police Repression and Protest Behavior: Evidence from Student Protests in Chile

Mounu Prem  Felipe González

Police repression is a common feature of street protests around the world but evidence about its impact on dissident behavior is limited. We provide an […]


Facebook Causes Protests

Leopoldo Fergusson  Carlos Molina

Using Facebook’s release in a given language as an exogenous source of variation in access to social media where the language is spoken, we show […]


Welfare Impact of Hosting Refugees in Ethiopia

This paper examines the welfare impact of hosting refugees in Ethiopia, one of the largest refugee-hosting countries worldwide. The findings reveal different implications depending on […]