Working Papers


Unpacking the Links between Conflict and Child Welfare: Evidence from a Foreign Insurgency

Violent conflicts have enduring effects on child welfare, but little is understood about the mechanisms underlying these effects. Using data from Cameroon collected from a […]


Foreign Interventions and Community Cohesion in Times of Conflict

Sarah Langlotz 

This paper analyzes how foreign military interventions affect community cohesion in times of conflict. In an environment where formal institutions are unstable or lacking, the […]


Civil conflict, cash transfers, and child nutrition in Yemen

Jean-Francois Maystadt  Olivier Ecker

The most dramatic outcomes of protracted civil conflict include increased malnutrition among children and the resulting consequences for lifelong health and prosperity. Little is known […]


Economic Conditions and the Rise of Anti-Democratic Extremism

Benjamin Crost 

This paper provides evidence that adverse economic conditions contributed to the rise of anti-democratic extremism in the United States. A state-level analysis shows that increases […]


Covid-19, State Capacity, and Political Violence by Nonstate Actors

Ore Koren  Brittney Koehnlein

The COVID-19 pandemic has constrained the ability of states across the world to govern and control their territories. As the state reduces its activities, space […]


Public healthcare financing during counterinsurgency efforts: Evidence from Colombia

Samuel Lordemus  Noemi Kreif and Rodrigo Moreno-Serra

How do government counterinsurgency efforts affect local public financing during civil conflicts? We investigate this question in the context of the protracted conflict in Colombia. […]


The Long Shadow of the Kargil War: The Effect of Early-life Stress on Education

Tushar Bharati 

The paper examines the long-term impact of the India-Pakistan war of 1999 on the educational attainment and employment of children born to families of soldiers who survived the war.


Mass shootings and Infant Health in the United States

Tushar Bharati  Rakesh Banerjee

We study the causal effect of mass shooting incidents during pregnancy on infant health outcomes. Our identification strategy exploits the spatial and temporal variation of […]


Does Violent Conflict Affect Labor Supply of Farm Households? The Nigerian Experience

Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere  John Chiwuzulum Odozi

Nigeria has experienced bouts of violent conflict in different regions over the last few decades leading to significant loss of life. In this paper, we […]


Perceived Temperature, Trust and Civil Unrest in Africa

This paper documents a significant effect of short-term temperature fluctuations on attitudes towards institutions and on civil unrest in Africa. Combining attitudinal survey and climate […]


Police Repression and Protest Behavior: Evidence from Student Protests in Chile

Mounu Prem  Felipe González

Police repression is a common feature of street protests around the world but evidence about its impact on dissident behavior is limited. We provide an […]


Facebook Causes Protests

Leopoldo Fergusson  Carlos Molina

Using Facebook’s release in a given language as an exogenous source of variation in access to social media where the language is spoken, we show […]


Welfare Impact of Hosting Refugees in Ethiopia

This paper examines the welfare impact of hosting refugees in Ethiopia, one of the largest refugee-hosting countries worldwide. The findings reveal different implications depending on […]


Conflict exposure and health: Evidence from the Gaza Strip

Michele Di Maio  Valerio Leone Sciabolazza

Using individual-level longitudinal data and geo-localized information on conflict-related violent events, we study the impact of conflict on health in the Gaza Strip. Results show […]


Commodity Booms, Conflict, and Organized Crime The Economics of Oil Palm Mafia Violence in Indonesia

Paul Kenny  Rashesh Shrestha Edward Aspinall

This paper examines the relationships between agrarian commodity booms and the incidence of group conflict and criminality in the context of Indonesia’s expanding oil palm […]


Yes They Can: Genocide, Political Participation, and Female Empowerment

We study how genocide can lead to female empowerment, using data from Rwanda. We exploit exogenous variation in transport costs that affected the number of […]


The Peace Baby Boom: Evidence from Colombia’s peace agreement with the FARC

Juan F. Vargas  Mounu Prem  Elvira Guerra-Cújar Paul Rodríguez-Lesmes

Violent environments are known to affect household fertility choices, demand for health services and health outcomes of newborns. Using administrative data with a difference-in-differences, we […]


The Impact of Civil Conflict on Child Health: Evidence from Colombia

Internal armed conflicts have become more common and more physically destructive since the mid-20th century, with devastating consequences for health and development in low-and middle-income […]


Youth resentment and violence: evidence from Burkina Faso

The paper aims to highlight the impact of youth satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) on the occurrence of violent conflicts in Burkina Faso. This work takes advantage […]


Civil Resistance in the Shadow of the Revolution: Historical Framing in Nicaragua’s Sudden Uprising

Kai Thaler  Eric Mosinger Diana Paz García Charlotte Fowler

Are grievances a necessary condition for civil resistance campaigns? Accumulating political or economic grievances play a key causal role in nearly every extant account of […]