Working Papers


Who Hosts? The Correlates of Hosting the Internally Displaced

Nik Stoop,  Peter van der Windt,  Leonid Peisakhin

Tens of millions of individuals are displaced due to violence, and most are hosted by other households in their home countries. We ask what motivates […]


Inverted “U” of fear: The paradox of conflict exposure and expected victimization in Kaduna, Nigeria

Daniel Tuki, 

Using novel survey data collected from the Northern Nigerian state of Kaduna, this study examines the effect of exposure to violent conflict on people’s expectation […]


Prevalence of Depression and Associated Socio-economic Outcomes during Violent Conflict: A Matched Analysis for Palestine Using Nationally Representative Survey and Conflict Event Data

Piero Ronzani,  Wolfgang Stojetz,  Alia Aghajanian,  Tilman Brück,  Nadine Stammel, Maria Boettche, Diego Zardetto, Sarah Fenzl, Maen Salhab, Jessica M. Anderson, Arden Finn

Mental health risks are high in conflict settings, but mental health research mostly focuses on non-conflict settings. Survey data from active conflict settings often suffer […]


Armed conflict and gendered participation in agrifood systems: Survey evidence from 29 African countries

Piero Ronzani,  Wolfgang Stojetz,  Tilman Brück,  Carlo Azzarri, Gianluigi Nico, Erdgin Mane

This paper provides empirical microlevel evidence on the gendered impacts of armed conflict on economic activity in agriculture and other sectors, combining large-N sex-disaggregated survey […]


Gender and migration aspirations in Nigeria: A comparative study of the states of Edo and Kaduna

Daniel Tuki, 

This study examined the effect of gender on migration aspirations in the states of Kaduna and Edo, which are in Nigeria’s Northern and Southern Regions […]


Suffering and smiling: What determines happiness among Nigerians?

Daniel Tuki, 

Using the Wave 7 World Values Survey (WVS) dataset, this study examined the determinants of happiness among Nigerians with a focus on exposure to violent […]


Introducing the Sudan Labor Market Panel Survey 2022

Caroline Krafft,  Ragui Assaad, Ruby Cheung

This paper describes the new Sudan Labor Market Panel Survey (SLMPS) 2022, the first nationally representative survey in Sudan in almost a decade. The paper […]


The Power of Dialogue: Forced Displacement and Social Integration amid an Islamist Insurgency in Mozambique

Henrique Pita Barros, 

With global forced displacement at an unprecedented level, there is an increasing demand for low-cost interventions that can reduce tension between displaced persons and host […]


Violent Conflict and Parochial Trust: Lab-in-the-Field and Survey Evidence

Ahmed Skali,  Katharina Werner

How does conflict exposure affect trust? We hypothesize that direct (firsthand) experience with conflict induces parochialism: trust towards out-groups worsens, but trust towards in-groups, owing […]


The bombing of hospitals and local violence dynamics in civil wars: Evidence from Syria

Regine Schwab,  Werner Krause, Samer Massoud

The impact of civilian harm on strategic outcomes in war has been the subject of persistent debate. However, the literature has primarily focused on civilian […]


Civilian Harm and Military Legitimacy in War

Mara Revkin,  Benjamin Krick, Jonathan Petkun

The legitimacy of armed forces in the eyes of civilians is increasingly recognized as crucial not only for battlefield effectiveness but also for conflict resolution […]


Violent Conflicts and Educational Outcomes: The LRA Insurgency in Northern Uganda Revisited

Douglas Kazibwe, 

I investigate the consequences of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency  on the educational outcomes of individuals in Northern Uganda. I employ an identification strategy […]


What does the population in Niger think about a military government?

Daniel Tuki, 

Using the Round 9 Afrobarometer survey data collected in the Republic of Niger in 2022, this study examined the attitudes of Nigeriens toward military rule […]


Changes in fertility rates and desires in the wake of the homicide surge in Mexico

Maria Gargiulo,  Ginevra Floridi, José Manuel Aburto

Since 2006, Mexico has experienced a surge in homicide violence due to national policies and international influences on drug trafficking activities. While the effects of […]


Fear to Vote: Explosions, Salience, and Elections

Juan F. Vargas,  Mounu Prem,  Miguel E. Purroy, Felipe Coy, Sergio Perilla

Criminal groups use violence strategically to manipulate the behavior of victims and bystanders. At the same time, violence is a stimulus that causes fear, which […]


You’re not welcome! Violence and support for a grazing ban policy in Kaduna, Nigeria

Daniel Tuki, 

This study examined the effect of victimization – i.e., the concrete experience of violence – on support for a policy banning the opening grazing of […]


Violent instability and modern contraception: Evidence from Mali

Orsola Torrisi, 

This study examines the consequences of armed violence on sexual and reproductive health in Mali, a country where modern contraceptive use (MCU) is low and […]


Violent conflict and hostility towards ethno-religious outgroups in Nigeria

Daniel Tuki, 

This study examined the effect of exposure to violent conflict on hostility towards ethnic and religious outgroups among Nigeria’s population and among its two major […]


The “weight” of territorial issues: Evidence from Catalonia, Scotland, and Northern Ireland

Lesley-Ann Daniels,  Laia Balcells, Alexander Kuo

Territorial debates complicate the politics of the affected regions, as parties must decide whether to compete on a territorial dimension alongside others, such as redistribution, […]


Making sense of multi-level and multi-actor governance of recovery in Ukraine

Oksana Udovyk,  Ievgen Kylymnyk, Daniel Cuesta-Delgado, Guillermo Palau Salvador

The article sheds light on the complex recovery governance in Ukraine by providing a snapshot of the evolving national recovery actors’ networks and examining it […]