Laia Balcells

HiCN Working Papers Series

190

The determinants of low-intensity intergroup violence. The case of Northern Ireland

Laia Balcells  Lesley-Ann Daniels Abel Escribà-Folch

What accounts for low-intensity intergroup violence? In this paper, we explore the micro-level determinants of low-intensity sectarian violence in Northern Ireland, which has marked the […]

124

Warfare, Political Identities, and Displacement in Spain and Colombia

Laia Balcells  Abbey Steele 

This paper explores the causes of displacement during civil wars. Recent scholarship has shown that conventional civil wars – those in which forces are relatively balanced – and irregular […]

051

Rivalry and Revenge: Making Sense of Violence against Civilians in Conventional Civil Wars

Laia Balcells 

Recent research on violence against civilians during wars has emphasized war- related factors over political ones. For example, factors such as control of territory or […]