Childhood aspirations, occupational outcomes and exposure to violence: Evidence from Burundi

Year: 2018 HiCN Working Paper No. 247

Recent evidence points at the importance of childhood aspirations for our understanding of poverty and development. But how are these affected by the exposure to violence? This paper employs a logistic framework to study this question for Burundi, a conflict-affected, fragile state. Using data from a new nationwide survey with a panel component we distinguish between four types of armed violence and find that (i) Children exposed to armed violence aspire more to work outside the agricultural sector; (ii) but these same children have a lower probability to realise their aspirations; (iii) We find evidence that exposure to armed violence increases the internal locus of control and the belief in occupational happiness.